Environmental, Health and Safety Services

Reverse Signal Operations Introduction


To provide information and guidance on Virginia Occupational Safety and Health's (VOSH) regulation for reverse signal operations for motor vehicles, machinery, and equipment.


This regulation applies to all covered vehicles operating in reverse with an obstructed view to the rear.

Each department that owns or uses covered vehicles must ensure that all operators are trained in accordance with VOSH requirements for this program. This program applies to both general industry and construction vehicles, machinery, and equipment.


This program applies to all covered vehicles being operated by Virginia Tech personnel regardless of location, such as:

  • Pick up trucks and vans (depending on whether the rear view is likely to be obstructed or not)
  • Construction equipment, such as bobcats, front-end loaders, dump trucks.
  • Boom trucks (also see Aerial Lift Safety)
  • Garbage trucks
  • Cube vans
  • Tractor trailers