Environmental, Health and Safety Services

Infectious Agent Vaccination and Occupational Health Assurance Program

University employees who are identified as being “at risk” for work related exposure to infectious agents will be offered vaccinations if they are available for the agent in question. See below for the list of vaccinations offered by Virginia Tech. If employees have an exposure incident, the employee will be offered testing, evaluation and counseling as needed. Employees may, in certain situation, decline vaccinations. The following bullets summarize this program:

  • EHSS administers this program, and will maintain documentation of all vaccinations, titers, declination of vaccinations, and all other medical records. Please contact EHSS at 231-8733 or mjdadras@vt.edu if additional information is needed.
  • All medical services are provided at no cost to the employee.
  • All medical services will be made available at a reasonable time and place.
  • Vaccines (if available for the agent in question) must be offered to all known “at-risk” personnel. Vaccinations must be offered to the employee prior to exposure to the hazard. See the following section for a list of vaccinations that are currently being offered.
  • Hepatitis B vaccinations must be offered to all personnel identified as “at-risk” for exposure to human blood. See the university’s Exposure Control Plan for a detailed explanation.
  • Routine titer checks are provided for individuals working with BSL2 and BSL3 organisms, if such tests are available.
  • Medical exams will be provided for individuals following an exposure incident to blood, potentially infectious material, or to a specific agent.
  • A medical survey questionnaire is to be completed by all persons having “substantial animal contact”.
  • It is the responsibility of the Principal Investigator, researcher, lab director/supervisor, or animal facility director to identify “at-risk” personnel and personnel with “substantial animal contact”. This information must be communicated to EHSS. See forms in appendix A.

Vaccinations Offered for Virginia Tech Personnel With Work-Related Exposures

Employees with potential for exposure to certain infectious agents via patient care activities (such as doctors, nurses, rescue squad, athletic trainers, veterinarians, animal care staff), or who are conducting research with specific infectious organisms, will be eligible to receive vaccinations against the microorganisms of concern. Below is a list of infectious agent vaccinations offered at Virginia Tech and the eligibility criteria for each. Other vaccinations and titers will be offered if warranted by exposure conditions, and if the vaccinations are commercially available.

C. Botulinum vaccine:

Laboratory personnel who are working with Clostridium Botulinum toxin.

Hepatitis A vaccine:

Employees working with, or who may potentially be exposed to, raw sewage.

Hepatitis B vaccine:

Employees who are working with or may potentially be exposed to human blood, tissue, body fluids or other potentially infectious materials.

Influenza (seasonal flu):

Employees who provide patient care or are working with the organism in a research lab.

Measles, Mumps, Rubella:

Employees who provide patient care.

Rabies vaccine:

Employees who are working with any animal species known to be a rabies reservoir, working with a wide variety of animal species that may include a species known to be a rabies reservoir, or who may be doing field work in habitat with known rabies reservoir species.

Tetanus (with pertussis):

Employees working with animals or who have the potential for acquiring a wound on dirty equipment at work (such as farm workers, garbage handlers, groundskeepers).


Employees working with, or who may potentially be exposed to, raw sewage or Laboratory personnel who are working with S. typhi.