Environmental, Health and Safety Services

BBP Exposure Control Plan Introduction


    1. To provide safety policies for the protection of Virginia Tech employees who have a potential for occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, such as Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), among others.
    2. To comply with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulation: 29 CFR 1910.1030, "Blood Borne Pathogens".
    3. To establish a program which provides Virginia Tech employees with the following services:
        1. Pertinent information
        2. Training on safe work practices, engineering controls, and university policies related to occupational exposure
        3. An offer of free Hepatitis B vaccination
        4. Infection prevention services following an exposure incident


The Bloodborne Pathogens program is designed to provide service to employees with occupational exposure to other peoples' body fluids. These "at risk" job duties include:

  • Emergency Response
  • First Aid
  • Housekeeping
  • Plumbing
  • Regulated Medical Waste Operations
  • Lab Work, with human body fluids
  • Phlebotomy
  • Medical/Clinical Work
  • Research with human bloodborne microorganisms


The Exposure Control Plan (ECP), developed by Environmental, Health & Safety Services of Virginia Tech (EHSS), is intended for distribution university-wide. Each department having employees at risk shall contribute specific policies and procedures to this plan. Departmental-specific materials shall be inserted in the document where required. This plan describes engineering controls, work practices, and personal protective equipment that, when used correctly, reduces on-the-job exposure to human blood and other infectious body fluids. Also described are the university's training, vaccination, and incident reporting programs.